Turkish Weather, Climate & Geography

Turkey’s varied areas have different environments, with the weather system on the coasts contrasting with that prevailing in the interior. The Aegean and also Mediterranean coastlines have trendy, rainy winters and also hot, reasonably dry summers.

Turkish Weather, Climate & Geography

Yearly precipitation in those areas varies from 580 to 1,300 millimeters (22,8 – 51,2 inches), depending upon place. Normally, rains is less to the eastern. The Black Sea coast obtains the biggest quantity of rains. The eastern component of that shore averages 1,400 millimeters (55,1 inches) annually and also is the only area of Turkey that obtains rainfall throughout the year.


The countryside around Istanbul, Edirne, Bursa as well as the Sea of Marmara is low hillsides and also rolling farmland excellent for fruit orchards (apricots, grapes, peaches) along with vegetables, sunflowers and also grain.

South of Bursa are greater mountains (2500+ meters/8200 feet)

Rain averages 668 mm/26 inches each year; temperatures vary from a low of -16 C/3F in the midsts of winter to 40C/104F on the best day in summer season. It’s quite damp (average 73%).


The Aegean region centered on İzmir is a true breadbasket, with low hills and higher mountains mounting fertile valleys filled with abundant alluvial dirt. The trustworthy summertime sun produces bumper crops of tobacco, sunflowers, olives, figs, apples, peaches and also pears.

Rain standards 645 mm/25 inches annually; temperature levels range from -8 C/18F to 43C/109F, with ordinary moisture of 69%.


Turkey’s southerly coast is hemmed in by high hill varieties. There’s some beach from Fethiye to Antalya, yet east of Antalya the coastal expands right into the productive Pamphylian level( which is where you find Side) fringed with white sand coastline.

Not much eastern of Alanya the hills come down to the sea again, all the way east to Antakya, maintaining this coastline extremely warm and humid in summer: maximum 45C/113F, minimal -5 C/23F; rainfall is 777 mm/31 inches.

Central Anatolia

The facility of Turkey is high plateau (elevation 900m/3000 feet at Ankara) of rolling steppe framed by chain of mountains, a few of which flaunt snow-capped inactive volcanoes. (It was the volcanic Mt Erciyes near Kayseri that formed the Central Anatolian moonscape of Cappadocia.).

The land creates summertime and winter months wheat as well as other plants, as well as feeds millions of grazing lamb. Temperature levels vary from -25 C/ -13 F to 40C/104F, with rainfall of only 382 mm/15 inches per year. The average humidity is 62%.

Black Sea Coastline

Turkey’s Black Sea shore, 1700 km/1000 miles long, is surprisingly rich and also green as a result of its 781 mm/31 inches of yearly rainfall went down as the winds crossing the Black Sea increase to rise the coastal mountains.

It’s over cast much of the time, which seems to match the tobacco fields. Cherries came from here, and also are still expanded in wealth, as are hazelnuts (filberts), of which Turkey materials half the globe’s needs.

The lavish turf feeds livestock which produce Turkey’s ideal butter, milk and lotion. The humid coast eastern of Trabzon is best for expanding tea shrubs. In the steep evergreen-choked valleys over, you might think you’re in Central Europe, though warmer.

Temperature levels range from -8 C/18F to 40C/104F, with an average moisture of 72%.

Eastern Anatolia

Hilly, tough and cold, eastern Turkey is an essential area where temperature levels go down to -43 C/ -45 F in deep wintertime, and rise to 38C/100F in summer season, though the annual average is simply 9C/48F.

June to September are the most effective months to go to unless you’re going snowboarding at Palandöken just outside Erzurum.

Rainfall is 560 mm/22 inches. It’s fairly bad country, with wheat areas, fruit and also nut orchards, as well as whole lots of grazing sheep.

Southeastern Anatolia

Down near Syria on the banks of the rivers Tigris (at Diyarbakır) and Euphrates (near Şanlıurfa) it’s hot most of the moment: as much as 46C/115F in high summer season (and also– abnormally– a low of -12 C/10F some wintertimes).

It’s dry, with just 576 mm/23 inches of rainfall, however lots of water from the enormous Southeast Anatolia Task (GAP) irrigation and also hydroelectric power system centered near Şanlıurfa. Crops like the warm and also expand quickly. Individuals go slow-moving, and also primarily in the shade. The most effective time to check out is anytime other than summer season (mid-June with mid-September).

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